Philip Randolph

Philip Randolph was born in Florida in 1889. He moved to New York in 1911 where he created his own brand of civil rights activism, which recommended collaboration. He started an employment office to provide job training and urge Blacks to join unions. In 1917 he founded the magazine Messenger, which fought against lynching and for an integrated society. That same year, he created a union for New York elevator operators. In 1919 he became president of a shipyard and dock workers union. Later, as president of a union for sleeping car porters, he enrolled 51 percent of porters. In 1941 he suggested a march on Washington to protest racial discrimination. The threat of the march prompted Roosevelt to pass the Fair Employment Act. In 1963 he organized the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.


Photo Credit: Google images.

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